Hieronymus Bosch Biography
also Jeroen Bosch, Jerome Bosch,(c. 1450 – August, 1516) was a prolific Dutch painter of the 15th and 16th century.
Many of his works depict sin and human moral failings. Bosch used images of demons, half-human animals and machines to evoke fear and confusion to portray the evil of man.
Bosch Paintings contain complex, highly original, imaginative, and dense use of symbolic figures and iconography, some of which was obscure even in his own time. Bosch is said to have been an inspiration to the surrealism movement in the 20th century.
His true name was Jheronimus (or Jeroen) van Aken. He signed some of his paintings with Bosch (pronounced as Boss in Dutch), derived from his birthplace "s-Hertogenbosch, a flourishing city in the fifteenth century. In Spanish he is often called El Bosco.
Born to a family of Dutch and German painters, he spent most of his life in "s-Hertogenbosch, a town in the south of today"s Netherlands. In 1463, some 4000 houses in the town were destroyed by a catastrophic fire, which the then about 13-year-old Bosch may have witnessed. This might have been a contributing factor in his obsession with Hell. He became a popular painter and even received commissions from abroad.
In 1488 he joined the Brotherhood of Our Lady, an arch conservative religious group of some 40 influential citizens of "s-Hertogenbosch and some 7000 "outer-members" from all over Europe .