OIL PAINTING: Minerva, 1611
Goltzius worked both as a painter and a copper engraver; he founded his own publishing company and experimented with new artistic techniques.
Of equal importance, however, is the thematic content of Goltzius' paintings.
It demands autonomy for the medium of painting: painting must not become an instrument in a war of religion. In Goltzius' oeuvre, painting presents itself in a confident manner and his portraits of fellow artists puts them on an equal standing with the humanists and poets. Besides this, however, visual art itself, with all its possibilities and limitations, also becomes the subject of art.