OIL PAINTING: Adam, 1507
Following his copper engraving dating from 1504, Durer produced another painted version of the theme of the first human couple three years later. The two paintings of Adam and Eve (also in the Prado, Madrid) were created by Durer after returning from his second journey to Italy. In spite of the nearly identical size of the two paintings they were intended to be separate paintings. This is corroborated by the fact that both paintings are signed although in a different way: on the lower right corner in present picture, on the small tablet hanging on the apple-tree branch held by Eve in the painting of Eve. However, the two paintings are related to each other in their composition and the movement of the figures' bodies. Adam, who is holding a branch from the Tree of Knowledge in front of himself, is turning yearningly towards Eve in the other panel. Like Eve, he is depicted in motion, walking with his hair blowing back.
The primary aim of Durer in both cases was not depicting a Biblical story but creating two nude figures. These are the first German paintings representing life size nude figures.