Realism, Naturalism Paintings

Realism, Naturalism Paintings, Realism, Naturalism Artists and Oil Paintings
Mid-19th Century

Realism is an approach to art in which subjects are portrayed in as straightforward manner as possible, without idealizing them and without following the rules of formal theory.

The earliest Realist work began to appear in the 18th century, as a reaction against the excesses of Romanticism and Neoclassicism. This is evident in John Singleton Copley's paintings, and some of the works of Goya. But the great Realist era was the mid-19th century, as artists became disillusioned with the Salon system and the influence of the Academies.
Realism came closest to being an organized movement in France, inspiring artists such as Corot and Millet, and engendering the Barbizon School of landscape painting.
Besides Copley, American Realist Art included Thomas Eakins paintings, and works by Henry Ossawa Tanner, both of whom also received formal training in France.
French Realism was a guiding influence on the philosophy of the Impressionists painters.
The Ashcan School, the American Scene Painters, and, much later, on the Contemporary Realist movement are all following the American Realist tradition.